The Review revealed that the draft GB Mining Concession Rules 2014 is more influenced by the Mining Rules of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and FATA, and extraordinary accommodative for corporate sector investment, particularly for the international companies but is less reflective of customary laws and ownership rights of the local communities. The mining concession rules should need to be redrafted in accordance with the prevailing customary laws and ownership rights of the tribes and communities of Gilgit-Baltistan.
It is interesting that more than 40% of the total land area in GB has been notified under various categories of protected areas by the government which is not accredited, and no standards for environmental protections and biodiversity conservation are elaborated in the GB Mining Concession Rules. It is recommended to develop environmental and biodiversity conservation standards for mining activities, creating restricted, partially restricted and relaxed mining zones in and around the protected areas by adopting a land use planning system and enumerating provisions and references to existing laws e.g. Environmental Protection Acts, Wildlife Act, Forest and Parks Acts/Rules, or any other related laws.
Review of GB Mining-concessions-Rules.